Image of washing machine courtesy of electricshop.com
A pair of premium jeans, or any jeans in general, should always come with a care label. The care label is always important as it will give you the washing instructions for that particular pair of jeans. Some jeans with special coatings or embellishments will say ‘dry clean only’ and this will be because the water will most likely ruin the design of the jeans, so you should follow these instructions and take your jeans to a dry cleaner.
Most other jeans will say that you need to wash them on a low temperature and hang dry or tumble dry on low. The low temperature is important when washing your jeans because too much heat will shrink the fabric and it can also damage the elasticity of the denim which will make them sag and not fit as nicely as they did before. One thing you should always do before washing your jeans is turn them inside out. This helps to keep the wash as secure as it can be while being submerged in water. The inside of the jeans will get properly cleaned and take the beating around while the outside of the jeans will get washed, but in a more delicate way. It’s very important to do that unless you don’t mind your jeans fading quite fast.
If you have a pair of really dark, rinse colour jeans then you can also add a special vinegar or dye sealer to the wash to help lock in the colour. This will prevent the dye leaking onto any lighter stitching or from fading too quickly. If you have raw denim, they should have come with instructions for wearing them as long as possible before washing them, but you can also do soaks. These soaks just require you to submerge your jeans in water for a little while to clean them lightly without fading the raw denim fabric.
Image of a cotton field courtesy of savagebrushmfg.com
Jeans are a pair of pants which are made from the fabric denim. The word jeans comes from the French phrase bleu de Gênes, which is the blue of Genoa while denim originated in the French town of Nîmes, from which denim (de Nîmes) gets its name. Denim is made up of a mixture of different fabrics. It is essentially all cotton, but to get certain stretch in jeans, elastane or lycra will be added to the blend. The cotton can also be mixed with fibers like polyester, nylon, elasterell and spandex to produce different types of denim for different types of jeans.
E! were lucky enough to go to the jean factory of Siwy Denim and chat with the designer and founder, Michelle Siwy. She talks about the process of sanding, washing and drying and you get to see a pair of jeans go from its raw state to the finished state. It’s a great video and I love seeing these!
Image of 7 For All Mankind’s factory via GoRuck.com.
Jeans are made in many parts of the world, the top places being the United States, mainly Los Angeles, Italy, China, Turkey and Japan. Los Angeles is famous for its premium denim factories as is Italy. China and Turkey are famous for the everyday brands and Japan is known for its raw and selvedge denim, however different jeans can essentially be produced in many places. Some are even made in England, Portugal, France and all over the world.
Jeans are made in factories of various specialties. Premium denim, from the likes of brands such as Diesel, 7 For All Mankind, J Brand and Paige etc, are made in specific jeans factories which have workers trained in premium denim making and use a lot of special equipment to get the cuts, finishes, chain stitching and normal stitching perfect. Cheaper jeans can be made in the normal garment factories alongside other clothes as they don’t require a specific amount of detail. Premium jeans also go through their washing process in specific wash houses where they are hand sanded and creased, stone washed, coated in resin or wax and hand distressed etc. You can see a couple of videos of how jeans are made in the links below.